Tips & Tricks for Oral & Dental Emergencies in General Practice
Maxillofacial trauma is common in dogs and cats. Mandibular fractures are more common in cats. However, both maxilla and mandibular fractures can be seen in both dogs and cats. CT diagnostics, when available increases the veterinarian’s ability to accurately identify, assess, and treat severe maxillofacial trauma and maxillary fractures. Significant force is required to fracture the maxillofacial skeletal (e.g., vehicular trauma, high falls, sports equipment, animal bites, and iatrogenic). Maxillofacial fractures can involve multiple sites in the maxilla and often will be evident with palatal fractures or teeth avulsion injuries. The mandibular molar region and maxillary bone are the most common sites for fractures in the dog. Symphyseal separation is the most common injury in the cat but can be seen in the dog as well. Lip avulsion, tooth avulsion, TMJ dislocation, oral foreign bodies, chemical burns are other common trauma cases seen.
- - Understand why Occlusion is the most important factor to consider with jaw fractures
- - Understanding how to approach oral trauma, maxilla-facial fractures and TMJ disease requires an understanding of the masticatory apparatus and its function-
- - Learn the various simple. easy and straightforward ways to treat the most common oral-maxillofacial trauma